Unit 3: Growing Business and Industry
Frameworks for America's Past

Click on the links below -

  Teacher / Student Key: pages 41 - 54

History by the Numbers:
Steel Production - 1870 to 1900 - a step-by-step
  guide to completing the graphs on page 50

Review - Inventors and Captains of Industry

Historical photo sets

1.  Energy: water wheels, steam engines, and coal

2.  Inventors and inventions:

   2a.  Alexander Graham Bell - the telephone

   2b.  Thomas Edison - the light bulb

3.  Famous Captains of Industry:

   3a.  Cornelius Vanderbilt - shipping and railroads

Andrew Carnegie - the steel industry

John D. Rockefeller - the oil refining business
   3d.  J.P. Morgan - banking and investment

The fight against monopolies / trusts

5.  Changes on farms, in factories, and in cities
History food feature
A coal miner's lunch bucket  (a web page with an interesting historical account by a coal miner's son)
YouTube videos
and Internet sites

Students: Check with your parents for permission before visiting Internet links.
Inside a textile mill in Lowell, Massachusetts  (a short video that shows cloth weaving machinery inside an old textile factory that is now a museum.)

Andrew Carnegie's steel mill  (a short clip from a History Channel program)

The telephone / Alexander Graham Bell  (an old TV ad)

Thomas Edison mini-bio  (a short video)

Yes, We Have No Bananas  (a short video demonstrating an old cylinder style Edison phonograph.  The flat disc record became more common in the 1920s - see the Edison P-1 Phonograph.)

Map - Manufacturing: Value Added by Manufacturing  (from an online historical atlas)

Maps - Railroads: Railroads in Operation 1870  (from an online historical atlas)

How a steam locomotive works  (a short video with animation)
Mainly for teachers
Celebrate the Industrial Revolution  (This online article explains how the rise of industry was the most important force in history for improving nutrition, life expectancy, literacy, working conditions, and the quality of life.  See the graph near the end.)

Copyright Notice

   Copyright 2009, 2016 by David Burns.  All rights reserved.  As a guide to the Virginia Standards of Learning, some pages necessarily include phrases or sentences from that document, which is available online from the Virginia Department of Education.  The author's copyright extends to the original text and graphics, unique design and layout, and related material.