Unit 3: Growing Business and Industry
Frameworks for America's Past

Click on the links below -

  Study Guide: pages 41 - 54
(pages are shown with notes and maps completed)

Exploring: History in the data
Steel Production - 1870 to 1900

Review: Inventors and Captains of Industry
Historical photo sets

1.  Energy: water wheels, steam engines, and coal

2.  Inventors and inventions:

   2a.  Alexander Graham Bell - the telephone

   2b.  Thomas Edison - the light bulb

3.  Famous Captains of Industry:

   3a.  Cornelius Vanderbilt - shipping and railroads

Andrew Carnegie - the steel industry

John D. Rockefeller - the oil refining business
   3d.  J.P. Morgan - banking and investment

The fight against monopolies / trusts

5.  Changes on farms, in factories, and in cities
History food feature
Wow! Look how kitchens have changed!  (an online set of old photos and drawings from around 1870 to the 1970s)
YouTube videos
and Internet sites

Students: Check with your parents for permission before visiting Internet links.
Inside a textile mill in Lowell, Massachusetts  (a short video that shows cloth weaving machinery inside an old textile factory that is now a museum.)

How a steam locomotive works  (a short video with animation)

The telephone / Alexander Graham Bell  (an old TV ad)

Telephone operators in the old days  (a short video)

Thomas Edison mini-bio  (a short video)

Yes, We Have No Bananas  (a short video demonstrating an old cylinder style Edison phonograph.  The flat disc record became more common in the 1920s - see the Edison P-1 Phonograph.)

Andrew Carnegie's steel mill  (a short clip from a History Channel program)

Map - Manufacturing: Value Added by Manufacturing  (from an online historical atlas)

Maps - Railroads: Railroads in Operation 1870  (from an online historical atlas)
Mainly for teachers
America: The Story of Us TV mini-series, Episode 7, "Cities," has good video segments about Andrew Carnegie and Thomas Edison.  Episode 6, "Heartland," has a short clip (it's near the end) about the start of the Sears mail order company. This widely praised production originally ran on the History Channel.  Less than $20 on Amazon for the 3 DVD set.

The Men Who Built America TV mini-series, Episode 2, "Oil
Strike," is a History Channel show with a good dramatization of John D. Rockefeller's work building the Standard Oil Company.  Start just past the open and program title.  A good cut out point is about 20 minutes in.

Dear America: So Far From Home  Students love this well done dramatization of the story an Irish immigrant girl who takes a job in a textile mill in Lowell, Massachusetts.  It's available on VHS from Amazon sellers (click on "See All Buying Options"), or as a digital video purchase, also on Amazon.

Celebrate the Industrial Revolution  This online article explains how the rise of industry was the most important force in history for improving nutrition, life expectancy, literacy, working conditions, and the quality of life.  See the graph near the end.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright 2009, 2017 by David Burns.  All rights reserved.  As a guide to the Virginia Standards of Learning, some pages necessarily include phrases or sentences from that document, which is available online from the Virginia Department of Education.  The author's copyright extends to the original text and graphics, unique design and layout, and related material.