Unit 1: Reconstruction and Segregation
Frameworks for America's Past

Click on the links below -

  Teacher / Student Key: pages 7 - 24 

History in Their Own Words:
Voices of Reconstruction

Review - famous people to know

Historical photo sets

1.  The Civil War ends - Reconstruction begins

2.  Reconstruction problems and policies

3.  The Reconstruction Amendments  (13th, 14th, 15th)

4.  Reconstruction ends in 1877

5.  Segregation, Jim Crow laws, and the Plessy case

6.  African American leaders' response to segregation

History food feature Baking shortnin' bread the old fashioned way
YouTube videos
and Internet sites

Students: Check with your
parents for permission before visiting Internet links.

Abraham Lincoln  (a short video about the president and his leadership during the Civil War)

Ford's Theater - Virtual Tour   (Use your computer mouse to move around the panorama photo of the theater in Washington, D.C., where President Lincoln was assassinated just after the Civil War ended.  Click on the blue "hotspots" in the panorama photo, and the topic links at the bottom, to learn more!)

Robert E. Lee mini-bio  (a short video about this famous Southern military leader in the Civil War)

Frederick Douglass House   (the Internet site for his home in Washington, D.C., now a national park and museum)

Booker T. Washington mini-bio   (a short video about his life and ideas.  Another interesting video about this great man from Virginia is here.)

W.E.B. Du Bois mini-bio  (a short video)

Ida Wells-Barnett mini-bio  (a short video about the famous black woman, whose name was Ida B. Wells before her marriage)

Music:  Swing Low, Sweet Chariot   (Many American spirituals like this one grew out of African American life in the South during the 1800s.  In a spiritual, words about crossing over the Jordan River represent dying or going to Heaven.  Another old spiritual: I'm On My Way, from the movie Elmer Gantry.  The reference to "Canaan's land" means the Promised Land mentioned in the Bible.)
Mainly for teachers "Negro Progress in Virginia"  An interesting speech given in Richmond, Virginia, in 1913 by Booker T. Washington, illustrated with photographs.  From the National Humanities Center.

Up From Slavery  The famous autobiography by Booker T. Washington, written in 1901.  Click on the full screen icon, then click to turn the pages as you read this free online edition.

"Black Richmond"  An interesting article from 1934 that describes some hopeful signs of progress for blacks living in Richmond, Virginia.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright 2009, 2016 by David Burns.  All rights reserved.  As a guide to the Virginia Standards of Learning, some pages necessarily include phrases or sentences from that document, which is available online from the Virginia Department of Education.  The author's copyright extends to the original text and graphics, unique design and layout, and related material.