|Section 7: Becoming a
World Leader Practice Test
Write your answer choices on a piece of paper, then
click on the "Answer Key" button at the end to check and grade your
1. All of these were causes of the Great Depression
in the United States EXCEPT:
A. the crash of the stock market in 1929
B. factories unable to produce enough products for people to buy
C. high tariffs on imports from other nations
D. reduced international trade
2. What was a "bank run" in the early 1930s?
A. People rushed to get their money out of a bank
they fear might go broke.
B. Banks borrowed money to invest in stocks, hoping to make more
C. People rushed to banks to borrow money before interest rates
D. Banks ran out of money to loan.
3. Which of these best describes the views of
President Herbert Hoover as the Great Depression began?
A. The economy will improve on its own if we give
business a little boost.
B. The government has a responsibility to create jobs for the
C. The government must take control of the nation’s economy.
D. Welfare and relief programs must be greatly expanded by the
4. Why did President Franklin Roosevelt and Congress
create the Civilian Conservation Corps during the Great Depression?
A. to encourage families to save money by growing
their own food
B. to create jobs for unemployed young men
C. to force businesses to conserve electricity and coal
D. to help farmers plant and harvest crops
5. Which of these New Deal programs or laws has had
the longest-lasting impact on American life?
A. The Civilian Conservation Corps
B. Works Progress Administration
C. Agriculture Adjustment Act
D. Social Security Act
6. How did the New Deal program based on the
Agriculture Adjustment Act attempt to solve the problem of excessively
low prices for farm products?
A. The federal government encouraged citizens to
start “Victory Gardens.”
B. The federal government paid farmers money not to plant some
of their land.
C. The federal government required grocery stores to offer
higher payments to farmers.
D. The federal government hired young men to do soil
7. What was the main impact of President Franklin
Roosevelt’s New Deal programs on American government?
A. Federal and state governments were forced to
cut back their activities.
B. The federal government became far more active in the nation’s
C. State governments were told to take over the job of helping
D. The New Deal created no real change in government powers and
8. Which of the states listed below was hit hardest
by the “Dust Bowl” of the 1930s?
9. What was the main objection that his critics
made of President Roosevelt’s programs and policies during the 1930s?
A. They said Roosevelt's policies favored the
B. They said many of his programs were too much like socialism.
C. They said he didn't communicate with the American people very
D. They said he didn't have the nerve to deal with the trouble
growing in Europe.
10. As Hitler began his first steps to expand
German territory in the late 1930s, English and French leaders made no
real effort to stop him. Their decision
not to challenge Hitler is called a policy of:
11. All of these belong on a list of the basic
beliefs of the government system called fascism EXCEPT:
A. war helps build a nation’s power and spirit
B. a dictator is needed for strong leadership
C. individuals have basic rights to liberty and justice
D. the government must have the power to command obedience
12. "The Holocaust" is the term for
A. the deadly air attacks by Germany against Great
Britain early in the war.
B. the jailing of political opponents in the mid-1930s by
C. the deliberate killing of an estimated six million Jews by
D. the deliberate air attack on Pearl Harbor by the Japanese.
13. When did America enter World War II?
A. when Hitler took over Poland
B. when England declared war on Germany
C. when Hitler took over France
D. when Japan attacked Pearl Harbor
14. What was Roosevelt's Lend-Lease program
designed to do?
A. to send war supplies to help England and Russia
even before we entered the war
B. to get citizens to buy special war bonds to help finance the
C. to get farmers to increase the amount of land they planted
D. to send volunteer pilots to help the Chinese defend
themselves from Japanese attacks
15. What does the term "blitzkrieg" mean?
A. It was the name of Hitler's plan to exterminate
the Jews of Europe.
B. It was the name for the German method of very rapid military
C. It was the name of Japan's suicide bombers.
D. It was the code name of the first working atomic bomb.
16. What was the purpose of rationing coupons
during World War II?
A. They made sure everyone got an equal share of
products in short supply, such as sugar.
B. They were used to encourage people to enlist in the armed
C. They were used to educate people about defense procedures in
case of an attack.
D. They were used to encourage people to collect aluminum and
17. Rosie the Riveter was
A. a new kind of tank developed for use against
B. a soldiers’ disease caused by days spent in wet trenches.
C. a poster figure that represented women factory workers during
D. a lawyer who helped prosecute German war criminals.
18. What was the Manhattan Project?
A. the code name for the American effort to build
an atomic bomb
B. the nickname for efforts by Broadway stars to entertain
C. the effort to keep German submarines away from America’s
D. the project to develop posters and artwork supporting the war
19. Where was the main attack by the Allies against
Hitler’s forces on D-Day?
A. At El Alamein, in North Africa.
B. Near Rome, in Italy.
C. At Normandy, a region of France.
D. Near Amsterdam, in Denmark.
20. What were the years of American involvement in
World War II?
A. 1938 - 1941
B. 1941 - 1945
C. 1944 - 1947
D. 1945 - 1948
21. Which of these is NOT a true statement about
World War II?
A. The Battle of Midway was a victory for America
in the Pacific.
B. Harry Truman became president after Franklin Roosevelt died
C. Japan was defeated before Germany.
D. Hiroshima and Nagasaki were the only Japanese cities hit with
22. What was the goal of the Marshall Plan in the
years after World War II?
A. to write a new constitution for Japan
B. to help rebuild the European nations
C. to punish the Axis Powers for their aggression
D. to begin trials of the main Axis leaders for “crimes
23. What was the basic aim of the United States
policy after World War Two called containment?
A. to keep prices from rapidly rising as war bonds
were cashed in
B. to keep U.S. involvement in conflicts overseas to a
C. to prevent the further spread of communism
D. to keep war criminals from escaping to South America
24. What was the Cold War?
A. the struggle between Russia and America after
World War II
B. the name for the 1948 elections in the United States
C. the name of the effort to change the Japanese government
after World War II
D. the name for fighting at the end of World War Two in northern
25. Why was the organization called the United
A. to hold fair trials for war criminals arrested
in Germany and Japan
B. to defend the nations of the North Atlantic region from
C. to create a place for all nations to meet and solve
D. to coordinate and restore word trade after World War II
2001, 2016 by David Burns